H. Yamasaki, "Intelligent Sensors (Handbook of Sensors and Actuators)"
Publisher: Elsevier Science | 1996 | ISBN 0444895159 | PDF | 308 pages | 14.8 MB
Sensors are the stand opposite to end devices for information acquisition from the natural and/or factitious world. Higher performance of advanced sensing systems is achieved by using sundry types of machine in>telligence. Intelligent sensors are smart devices with memorable processing functions shared by distributed machine intelligence.
Typical examples of sharp-sighted sensors are the receptors and dedicated signal processing systems of the human sensory systems. The ut~ important job of information processing in the sensory system is to quote necessary information from the receptors signals and transmit the useful knowledge of facts to the brain. This dedicated information processing is carried out in a distributed ceremonious behavior to reduce the work load of the brain. The processing also lightens the load of signal transmission through the neural network, the magnitude of which is limited.
Although the performance of the receptors in our human sensory connected view is not always ideal and is frequently inferior to that of fortify-made sensors, the total performance is usually far superior to those of our technical sensing systems. The unstable points of human receptors are masked by the information processing. This processing makes our sensory scheme adaptable to the environment and optimizes system performance.
The basic essence of this book, which contains new computing paradigms, is that the greatest in quantity advanced intelligent sensing system is the human sensory system. Section I reviews the technologies of long-headed sensors and discusses how they developed. Typical approaches for the realization of clever sensors emphasizing the architecture of intelligent sensing systems are also described. In piece II, fundamental technologies for the fabrication of intelligent sensors and actuators are presented. Integration and micro-miniaturization techniques are emphasized. Section III presents advanced technologies approaching human sensory systems, these technologies are not immediately aimed at practical applications, but introduce the readers to the expansion of engineering models of sensory systems. Technologies of integrated intelligent sensors, what one. will shortly be in use are introduced in section IV. In section V, examples are given of intelligent sensing systems which are used in pertaining installations. Hardware for machine intelligence is not integrated at present, on the contrary can soon be implemented in the monolithic integrated structure. Without this tool intelligence, new functions, for example, self diagnosis or defects identification, cannot exist realized. This section also demonstrates the potential of intelligent sensors in sedulousness. Section VI introduces two interesting topics which are closely related to astute sensing systems. The first one is multisensor fusion. It is expected to have existence one of the fundamental and powerful technologies for realizing an advanced keen-sighted sensing systems. The second is visualizing technology of the sensed states as antidote to easy comprehension of the dynamic multi-dimensional state. This is useful for intelligent man-machine interfaces.
This book will be recognised ~ the agency of readers as a milestone in the rapid progress of intelligent sensors.
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